next-generation package manager

Duo is a next-generation package manager that blends the best ideas from ComponentBrowserify and Go to make organizing and writing front-end code quick and painless.

Install It

Install Duo straight from npm with:
$ npm install -g duo

Getting Started

To get started just write normal Javascript, requiring from GitHub as you need them:
var uid = require('matthewmueller/uid');
var fmt = require('yields/fmt');

var msg = fmt('Your unique ID is %s!', uid());
That matthewmueller/uid will pull the dependency straight from GitHub, without you needing to edit any package manifest file! You can also require modules straight from your file system:
var modal = require('./modal/index.js');
Then use duo to install your dependencies and build your file:
$ duo index.js
Finally, drop a single <script> onto your page and you’re done!
<script src="build/index.js"></script>
Same goes for CSS! You can require dependencies and assets straight from GitHub or from the file system:
@import 'necolas/normalize.css';
@import './layout/layout.css';

body {
  color: teal;
  background: url('./background-image.jpg');
Then bundle up your CSS with duo:
$ duo index.css
And add your bundled-up stylesheet to your page!
<link rel="stylesheet" href="build/index.css">


  1. has first-class support for Javascript, HTML and CSS
  2. exposes a unix-y command line interface
  3. pulls source directly from GitHub with semantic versioning
  4. supports source transforms, like Coffeescript or Sass
  5. does not require a manifest


Duo was designed from the ground up to grow alongside your application, making your three main workflows incredibly simple:
  1. creating quick proofs of concept
  2. writing modular components
  3. building large web applications

I. Proofs of Concept

As developers, we often need to test out an idea or isolate a bug. One of the big issues with existing package managers is that you cannot use your package manager without a lot of boilerplate files like package.json or component.json. Duo removes this boilerplate, letting you require packages straight from your source code:
var events = require('component/events');
var uid = require('matthewmueller/uid');
You can also include versions, branches or paths:
var reactive = require('component/reactive@0.14.x');
var tip = require('component/tip@master');
var shortcuts = require('yields/shortcuts@0.0.1:/index.js');
And the same goes for CSS with import:
@import 'necolas/normalize.css';
@import 'twbs/bootstrap@v3.2.0:dist/css/bootstrap.css';
You can even directly require .html or .json files:
var template = require('./menu.html');
var schema = require('./schema.json');
Duo will take care of the rest, transforming the .html into a Javascript string, and .json into a Javascript object. When you’re ready to build your files, just run:
$ duo index.js index.css
The new files will be located in the newly created build/ directory, using the same structure as your project.

II. Components

A successful package manager needs to have a strong component ecosystem. Duo supports all of the existing Component packages out of the box. And, since Duo can load from paths, it supports many Bower packages too. There are even plans to support Browserify packages as well. We’re hoping to bridge the gap between all the different package managers and come up with a solution that works for everyone. To create your own public component, just add a component.json to your repository:
  "name": "duo-component",
  "version": "0.0.1",
  "main": "index.js",
  "dependencies": {
    "component/tip": "1.x",
    "jkroso/computed-style": "0.1.0"
And then publish your component on GitHub, so that others can install it by simply requiring it into their application:
var thing = require('your/duo-component');
If you’re coming from the Component community, you’ll notice that we no longer need to add scriptsstyles or templates. Duo handles all of this for you, walking the dependency tree like Browserify and including everything you need automatically, for both Javascript and CSS!

III. Web Applications

In order for a package manager to be truly useful, it needs to scale to accommodate building entire web applications. Once again, Duo makes this process seamless. Duo allows for building multiple pages at once, so that you can split up your application into different bundles and keep your page assets slim. To build from multiple entry files, just pass more than one entry into duo:
$ duo app/home.js app/about.js app/admin.js
You can even use brace expansion:
$ duo app/{home,about,admin}/index.{js,css}
If Duo discovers an asset like an image or font along the way, it will automatically include it in your build/ directory. Say we have the following image in our CSS file:
@import 'necolas/normalize.css';

body {
  background: url('./images/duo.png');
Duo will symlink duo.png to build/images/duo.png, so that you can serve the entire build/ directory from your web server.


To see some more complex examples of Duo in the wild, check out any of these repositories on GitHub:


For more information, read through some of the resources put together by the folks in the Duo community:

5 Tips on Why Should You Buy the Best In-Ear Monitors for Drumming

Boy playing drum
A musician is a combination of hundreds of hours of practice and hundreds of bucks invested in buying the equipment and accessories necessary for the room full of people to applaud your talent! If you are a musician, you have an occupational hazard involving your ears. In the previous century, gadgets like wedge monitors were used to monitor the sound the musicians played for the audience. Professional musicians in accordance to the hearing protection norms, use in-ear monitors or (IEM) and in-ear isolation earbuds which not only allows them to hear the music they are making but also filters the noise from the power amplifier systems. And they are one of the things you definitely cannot miss out on as a drummer.

Why do you need an in-ear monitor as a drummer?

Here are a few reasons.
  • Helps you listen to all the beats easily
  • Enables you to be in sync
  • Helps you practice as much as you want
  • It does not take much time to set up
  • Is comfortable and will fit you well
All you need is the best in-ear monitors for drummers, and you’re on stage experience could be among the best too, helping you get the best of what you’ve to offer. The problem though is that as a musician, your needs for an in-ear monitor will differ from a lay user. For one, you do need good quality headphones, but they should help you experience music in its true form. Additionally, they also need to be right in noise cancellation, and we will look at these few things below. Drummer performing

5 Steps to Help You Buy the Best In-Ear Monitors for Drummers

  The right set of earbuds should help you synthesize your music, adjust the frequencies as per your requirement and buffer all external noises. You should look into the following aspects before you zero in on your right set of earbuds.  

Comfort and Fit:

If you are a performer, you are likely to be wearing the earbuds for several hours Specific in earbuds have a design that can cause pain in the ears due to the shape and wiring of the bud. A pillow-like feeling is not the necessity, but you should always try one on before you buy. Some manufacturers have Custom Fit IEMs where the earbud is designed to fit that particular artist. They are high end in the category, likely to dig a hole if you are a beginner with not much of sponsors. The Universal Fit is available over-the-shelf. They are less customized, designed in accordance to a consensus ear-shape. They cost less on the pocket and fit the bill of your needs. They come with adjustable cables and wires, so you need not worry! Make sure your IEMs are non-fatiguing. The last thing you’d want would be to wear out during your performance.  

Isolation and Sound Signature:

The IEM manufacturers have the ergonomic need to accessorize the earbuds with tips. Tips are the tiny silicon or rubber cushions responsible for moving the air in the auditory canal to produce the sound. The seal between the ear and the tips have to be exact to prevent any leakage that can lead to a pressure drop of music and hence affect the bass of the sound. Tips made of silicon are superior to that of rubber or foam both in performance as well as comfort. The thickness of the tips determines the efficiency of sound isolation and sound signature. Greater Thickness leads to better sound isolation at the cost of amplifying the bass. Foam ear tips are expensive but less durable than their silicon counterpart. Their tremendous level of sound isolation is one of the primary reasons for selecting them. Foam tips also confer the shape of the ear. Drummer drumming

Choose the correct driver type:

There are mainly two kinds of drivers: dynamic and balanced armature (BA) drivers. Dynamics drivers a standard on because they are cost-effective to manufacture. These drivers are like tiny versions of regular loudspeakers. They have a diaphragm, a moving coil and a magnet that reproduces the sound. BA drivers are efficient. They deliver high-frequency performance in exchange for its more significant cost. You’ll find some costly IEMs use a combination of BA and Dynamic drivers that produce both detailed highs and deep low frequencies.

Get Your Specifications Right:

The technical jargons at the back of your packet convey a lot of information if you read it right. You must take care to match your In-Ear-Monitor with your PMP. Depending on that you should decide if you need a headphone amplifier. The impedance ranges between 15-30 ohms, which does not require any additional amplification. When impedance is high, maximum volume will be limited, that is there will be a strain on your PMP. On the Contrary, a low-impedance IEM will be louder with the considerable strain on the amp. Young man plays drums with enjoymentOne should consider sensitivity, frequency response and type of magnets used.  

Is it worth your Money??

This is the very last consideration where you have to reflect upon the more practical aspects of whether you can afford the IEM you are looking at right away or if you should venture into more cost-effective options. Since these gadgets are pretty expensive, it’s best to do a little investment survey before taking the final plunge.  

Funding your right fit

Instead of going through the “hottest IEMs of the year” and “Best IEM” within your budget reviews on the market, you should consider the above parameters before purchasing your right pair of earbuds. The right type, configurations, prices, additional features that you might require should be determined before you zero in on the earbuds to buy. The shape and sizes of the sleeves, detachable cables, over-the-ear cable configuration, light-weightiness, portability or an included carrying case. Once you have bought them, don’t forget to experiment! Keep changing the tips and fine-tuning the sound signature to your liking!

EditGrid Tutorial on Managing Spreadsheets from Your Workspace

In this tutorial, I am going to show you how to manage your spreadsheets from your workspace in EditGrid. From your workspace, you can delete your spreadsheet, edit tags, rename it, and more. To begin using this tutorial, you will need to login to your EditGrid account and go to your workspace.

How to Delete Spreadsheets in EditGrid

We will start with deleting spreadsheets. If there are spreadsheets that you no longer need or want, you can delete these. You will need to check the box next to the spreadsheet or spreadsheets that you want to delete. Once you have those selected, you will need to click the Delete button at the top of your workspace. A box will open and ask if you really want to delete it, click Yes. EditGrid

How to Rename Spreadsheets in EditGrid

If you have spreadsheets that you need to rename, follow these steps. Click the box next to one of the spreadsheets that you want to rename. Once the box is checked, go to the top of your workspace and click the Actions button. When the menu opens, click the Rename option. A box will open and you can delete the name in the field and type the new name you want. Then click the Rename button to apply the new name to your spreadsheet. The box will close and you will see your changes.

How to Edit Tags in EditGrid

If you need to edit your tags for a spreadsheet, click the box next to the spreadsheet that you want to edit. Then click the Actions button and select Edit Tag in the menu. A box will open and in this box you will need to type your new tags. You can use more than one tag, but they must be separated by comas. When you are finished adding tags, you can click the Save button. The new tags will be added and the box will close. update the information on EditGrid

How to Share Your Spreadsheets in EditGrid

You can share any spreadsheet that you have in EditGrid. You have many different options when it comes to sharing these spreadsheets. To see your options, click the box next to the spreadsheet that you want to share. Then click the Share button at the top of your workspace. When the menu expands, you will see all of your options for sharing the spreadsheet. Select one of the options and share it. You can also share the spreadsheet with different social networking sites.

How to Insert Comments into Cells in EditGrid

You can also insert comments into cells. When you insert a comment into a cell, you will see a red arrow in the top right corner of your cell. You can mouse over the arrow and you will see the comment pop up in a little yellow box. To insert a comment, click the cell that you want to insert it in. Then click Insert gt; Comment at the top of your spreadsheet. When the box opens, type your comment and click the OK button. You can then mouse over your cell to see your comment.

Exploring Adobe Photoshop CS3: Droplets, Automating Your Tasks

adobe Droplets
In Part 1, we created a Watermark Action for one or two images. Now what if you have to watermark tons of images? It would still be hard to open your files one by one and hit the play button tons of times. So, enter the Droplets. Droplets allows an Action to be done on a set of images. It automatically performs the Action you selected on the images you wish to process. This could be done by either dragging your images to the Droplet icon (which we will get to later), or by selecting all open files in Photoshop. First, we have to create a Droplet. File – Automate – Create Droplet. A window will then appear containing the following sections.

Save Droplet In

Select where you would want to save your Droplet. The Droplet would appear as an executable file. It has an icon of its own outside of Photoshop, meaning your Droplet will remain in view whether Photoshop is running or not. For this demonstration, let’s say we save the Droplet on your Desktop and name it as Watermark.


Set: Select the folder of your Watermark Action, if you created one, otherwise it would appear in the Default Folder. Action: Select the Watermark Action. For now, we will only mark the “Include All Subfolders” and “Suppress Color Profile Warnings” options. You can then later experiment with the other Droplet preferences. Droplet in Photoshop


Select a destination where you would like to save your Action-Performed projects. For this sample, create a Watermarked Folder on your Desktop. You may leave the Override Action “Save As” Commands unmarked since we have not done any Save As commands while recording the Watermark Action in Part 1. However, if you did save your file during recording, marking this checkbox would mean automatically saving your file in the Destination Folder (which is the Watermarked Folder you created on your Desktop) regardless of where you saved your file during recording. But if you do mark the checkbox, if your recording does not contain any Save As commands, your watermarked files will not be saved whether you have indicated the Destination Folder.

File Naming

This is where you specify the filename format you would like to use for watermarked images. To keep thngs simple and short, select Document Name for the first box and extension for the next box and leave the rest empty. Take note that you may save your filename will appear as the option you select – lowercase, uppercase, day before month and the like.
  • Starting serial#: We leave this as 0.
  • Compatibility: Select your operating system. Right now, I am using Windows.
  • Errors
  • Here you may either Stop for Errors or have it written in a file.
  • Click the OK button when you are done.
droplets demonstrate You would then notice a Watermark icon on your Desktop. To get things going, you may either double-click on it to start the Watermark Action on all open files (these files must be saved first) or drag a folder of images to it (remember that we checked the Include All Subfolders option, so all contents of your folder will be watermarked). Either way, Photoshop would start to automatically watermark your images. If the Save As command isn’t included in your Watermark Action (which is not if you followed exactly the steps in Part 1), the Save As Window will continually appear after every watermarked image. Since watermarking is usually the last step in creating images, it would better to add a Save / Save As command to the Action. However, if your Action is to be done at the middle of your work, a Save As command would not be really needed to be included in the Action and it would be better to mark the Override Action “Save As” Commands to prevent the Save As prompt each time. Once done, check your Watermarked Folder on your Desktop and you will see your images all watermarked. Aside from watermarking, you could use Actions and Droplets in cropping and resizing (which could really be handy when making thumbnails or a photo album), adding color, textures and more complex tasks. More time could be saved and getting the job done is a lot easier.